دوره 8، شماره 16 - ( پاییز و زمستان 1396 )                   جلد 8 شماره 16 صفحات 100-112 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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Effect of Soil Amendments on Hydrograph and Sediment Graph Changes in the Laboratory Conditions. jwmr. 2018; 8 (16) :100-112
URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-907-fa.html
غلامی لیلا، صادقی سیّدحمیدرضا، همایی مهدی. تاثیر اصلاح‌کننده‌های خاک روی تعییرات آب‌نمود و رسوب‌نمود در شرایط آزمایشگاهی. پ‍‍ژوهشنامه مديريت حوزه آبخيز. 1396; 8 (16) :100-112

URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-907-fa.html


چکیده:   (534 مشاهده)
عدم وجود اطلاعات کافی در خصوص چگونگی توزیع زمانی رواناب و رسوب ناشی از هر رگبار در حوزه­های آبخیز از عمده مشکلات موجود در موفقیت پروژه­های حفاظت آب و  خاک است. حال آن­که پژوهش­های مرتبط با آن در مقیاس­های مختلف و به‌‌ویژه در تعامل با کاربرد افزودنی­ها بسیار کم مورد توجه قرار گرفته است. از این­رو پژوهش آزمایشگاهی حاضر در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با تعداد سه تیمار و با سه تکرار به‌ منظور بررسی اثر اصلاح‌کننده­های آلی (کاه و کلش برنج و کود دامی) و غیرآلی خاک (پلیمر بیش‌اندوز TA-200) به­ترتیب با مقادیر 5/0، 3/0 و 05/0 کیلوگرم بر مترمربع در فرآیند رواناب و رسوب خروجی از کرت و شیب 30 درصد برای خاک­های شنی- لومی جمع آوری شده از عمق 20-0 سانتی­متری خاک سطحی مراتع ییلاقی البرز در شمال ایران باران­های شبیه­سازی شده با شدت‌های 30، 50، 70 و 90 میلی‌متر بر ساعت انجام شده است. نتایج نشان داد که تیمارهای حفاظتی در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد توانستند تاثیر معنی­داری (05/0 P<) در تغییرات آب‌نمود و رسوب‌نمود داشته باشند. علاوه بر آن، تغییرات آب‌نمود و رسوب‌نمود در شدت‌های مختلف نشان داد که تیمار حفاظتی کاه و کلش تاثیر بیش­تری (60/45 درصد در مقایسه با سایر تیمارها از جمله شاهد) بر آب‌نمود و رسوب‌نمود در شدت‌های مختلف داشت. 
متن کامل [PDF 1250 kb]   (141 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: ۱۳۹۶/۱۱/۱۰ | پذیرش: ۱۳۹۶/۱۱/۱۰ | انتشار: ۱۳۹۶/۱۱/۱۰

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