دوره 14، شماره 27 - ( بهار و تابستان 1402 )                   جلد 14 شماره 27 صفحات 114-103 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Mesry S, Kiani F, Ebrahimi S, Arzanesh H, Pourmalekshah A. (2023). Effect of Compost and Vermicompost on Some Soil Characteristics and Runoff and Sediment Changes. J Watershed Manage Res. 14(27), 103-114. doi:10.61186/jwmr.14.27.103
URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-1135-fa.html
مصری سمیرا، کیانی فرشاد، ابراهیمی سهیلا، ارزانش محمد حسین، پورملکشاه علی اکیر محمدعلی. تاثیر کمپوست و ورمی کمپوست بر برخی ویژگی های خاک و تغییرات رواناب و رسوب پ‍‍ژوهشنامه مديريت حوزه آبخيز 1402; 14 (27) :114-103 10.61186/jwmr.14.27.103

URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-1135-fa.html


دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی گرگان
چکیده:   (1211 مشاهده)
چکیده مبسوط
مقدمه و هدف: فرسایش آبی سبب کاهش کیفیت خاک و مشکلات زیست­ محیطی می­شود. بهترین شیوه­ های مدیریت خاک پیشگیری از فرسایش خاک، مهار رواناب و رسوب و حفظ کیفیت خاک می ­باشد.
مواد و روش ­ها: این پژوهش برای دست­یابی به اثر کمپوست زباله شهری و ورمی­ کمپوست بر برخی ویژگی­ های فیزیکی و شیمیایی خاک (بر پایه بلوک­ های کامل تصادفی) و میزان رواناب و رسوب، به­ صورت آزمایش فاکتوریل بر پایه طرح بلوک­ های کامل تصادفی انجام شد. بدین منظور نه کرت (سه کرت حاوی تیمار کمپوست، سه کرت حاوی ورمی­کمپوست و سه کرت شاهد) احداث شدند که هر کدام از کودها در کرت مربوط به خود به مقدار 18 کیلوگرم در هر هکتار به خاک اضافه و تا عمق 30 سانتی­متری با خاک مخلوط شدند و ویژگی­ های فیزیک وشیمیایی خاک )همانند اسیدیته، شوری، میانگین وزنی قطر خاکدانه، وزن مخصوص ظاهری، ماده آلی،کربنات کلسیم، نیتروژن، فسفر، پتاسیم، درصد اشباع) و مقدار رواناب و رسوب در سه رخداد (دو بارش طبیعی و یک بارانساز) در تیمارهای مختلف مقایسه شدند.
یافته­ ها: نتایج نشان داد که تیمارهای ورمی­ کمپوست و کمپوست سبب افزایش غلظت عناصر غذایی NPK، ماده آلی، افزایش قطر خاکدانه، درصد اشباع و کاهش جرم ویژه ظاهری نسبت به شاهد شدند. هم­چنین میانگین حجم رواناب و رسوب در تیمارهای کمپوست و ورمی­ کمپوست نشان داد که به­ واسطه بهبود ویژگی­ های خاک در کرت­ های حاوی آن­ها، حجم رواناب در بارش­ های طبیعی اول به‌ترتیب 68/5 و 82/6، در بارش طبیعی دوم 62/56 و 74/2 و در شبیه­ساز باران 30/3 و 45/45 درصد نسبت به شاهد کاهش یافت. مقدار رسوب نیز در کرت­ های حاوی کمپوست و ورمی­ کمپوست به­ طور معنی­ داری در سطح یک درصد نسبت به شاهد کمتر بود. کرت­ های ورمی ­کمپوست به­ دلیل بهبود ویژگی­ های فیزیکی خاک نسبت به کرت­ های حاوی کمپوست کمترین میانگین حجم رواناب و جرم رسوب و تیمار شاهد بیشترین مقدار را نشان داد.
نتیجه­ گیری: بنابراین به ­نظر می­رسد به دلیل دسترسی آسان کمپوست و ورمی­کمپوست و تاثیر قابل ملاحظه­ ای که در تامین و حفاظت از مواد غذایی خاک و بهبود ویژگی­ های فیزیکی خاک دارند، در توسعه برنامه­ های مهار فرسایش خاک می­ توانند مفید واقع شود.


 
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: فرسايش خاک و توليد رسوب
دریافت: 1399/11/20 | ویرایش نهایی: 1402/5/16 | پذیرش: 1401/11/9 | انتشار: 1402/5/16

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