دوره 10، شماره 20 - ( پاییز و زمستان 1398 )                   جلد 10 شماره 20 صفحات 38-48 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Karimi N, Gholami L, Kavian A. The Variations of Runoff, Soil Loss and Sediment Concentration Variables Using Different Biochar Levels in Laboratory Conditions. jwmr. 2019; 10 (20) :38-48
URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-888-fa.html
کریمی نبیه، غلامی لیلا، کاویان عطااله. تغییرات مولفه های رواناب، هدر رفت خاک و غلظت رسوب با استفاده از سطوح مختلف بایوچار در شرایط آزمایشگاهی. پ‍‍ژوهشنامه مديريت حوزه آبخيز. 1398; 10 (20) :38-48

URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-888-fa.html


دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری
چکیده:   (458 مشاهده)
   امروزه روش ­های کنترل رواناب و فرسایش خاک به ­عنوان یکی از  بحث­ های مهم در سراسر جهان مطرح است. از این­ رو استفاده از افزودنی­ های خاک به­ منظور حفاظت آب و خاک امری ضروری است. از سویی دیگر افزایش روز افزون لجن­ تولیدی کارخانه­ ها و تبدیل آن­ها به سایر مواد سودمند از جمله افزودنی خاک امری مهم می­ باشد. لذا پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی اثر بایوچار حاصل از لجن کارخانه جوجه ­کشی با مقادیر به ­ترتیب 4/0، 8/0 و 6/1 تن بر هکتار بر مولفه های زمان شروع رواناب، حجم رواناب، ضریب رواناب، هدر­رفت خاک و غلظت رسوب انجام شد. مراحل انجام پژوهش حاضر در شرایط آزمایشگاهی در شدت 50 میلی­متر بر ساعت و شیب 20 درصد با سه تکرار در مقیاس کرت انجام شد. نتایج نشان داد که بعد از کاربرد افزودنی بایوچار با مقادیر 4/0، 8/0 و 6/1 تن بر هکتار زمان شروع رواناب نسبت به شاهد به ­ترتیب 19/71، 58/91 و 54/150 درصد نسبت به تیمار شاهد افزایش، حجم رواناب به ­ترتیب با مقادیر 00/21، 40/31 و 47/36 درصد نسبت به تیمار شاهد کاهش و هم­چنین ضریب رواناب به ­ترتیب با مقادیر 57/67، 94/56 و 35/46 درصد  نسبت به تیمار شاهد کاهش یافتند. بایوچار منجر به کاهش هدر­رفت خاک به ترتیب به مقدار 04/71، 60/77 و 63/85 درصد و غلظت رسوب با مقادیر به ­ترتیب 16/63، 21/67 و 17/76 درصد نسبت به تیمار شاهد شد. نتایج آزمون آماری نشان داد که تاثیر مقادیر مختلف بایوچار بر مولفه ­های زمان شروع رواناب، حجم رواناب، ضریب رواناب، هدر­رفت خاک و غلظت رسوب در سطح اعتماد 99 درصد معنی­ دار بود.
متن کامل [PDF 1028 kb]   (138 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: حفاظت آب و خاک
دریافت: 1396/9/28 | ویرایش نهایی: 1399/3/27 | پذیرش: 1397/3/2 | انتشار: 1398/10/24

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