دوره 12، شماره 24 - ( پاییز و زمستان 1400 1400 )                   جلد 12 شماره 24 صفحات 181-170 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها


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Rousta M J, Soleimanpour S M, Enayati M, Pakprvar M. (2021). Comparison of Soil Carbon and Nitrogen Stocks in Gareh-Bygone Plain of Fasa in Fields with and without Flood Spreading. J Watershed Manage Res. 12(24), 170-181. doi:10.52547/jwmr.12.24.170
URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-1134-fa.html
روستا محمد جواد، سلیمان پور سید مسعود، عنایتی مریم، پاک پرور مجتبی. مقایسه ی میزان ذخیره ی کربن و نیتروژن خاک در دشت گربایگان فسا در دو وضعیت پخش سیلاب و بدون پخش سیلاب پ‍‍ژوهشنامه مديريت حوزه آبخيز 1400; 12 (24) :181-170 10.52547/jwmr.12.24.170

URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-1134-fa.html


بخش تحقیقات حفاظت خاک و آبخیزداری، مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان فارس، سازمان تحقیقات، آموزش و ترویج کشاورزی، شیراز، ایران
چکیده:   (2374 مشاهده)
چکیده مبسوط
مقدمه و هدف: تغییر کاربری اراضی عامل اصلی ایجاد تغییرات در ذخیره­ی کربن­آلی و نیتروژن خاک و چرخه­ی جهانی کربن است. بررسی تغییرات ایجاد شده در میزان ذخیره­ ی کربن­آلی و نیتروژن خاک، پس از جنگل­کاری و مرتع ­کاری همراه با سامانه ­ی پخش ­سیلاب در اراضی شنی دشت گربایگان فسا واقع در جنوب­ شرقی استان فارس، هدف این پژوهش بود.
مواد و روش­ ها: از کاربری­ های جنگل دست­ کاشت آکاسیا، اوکالیپتوس، آتریپلکس و مرتع در دو وضعیت با پخش ­سیلاب و بدون پخش­ سیلاب، در مجموع 45 نمونه­ ی مرکب خاک از عمق 30-0 سانتی­متری برداشت شد و درصد کربن آلی و نیتروژن ­کل خاک در آزمایشگاه اندازه ­گیری گردید. سپس، میزان ذخیره­ ی ­کربن و نیتروژن محاسبه شد و ارزش اقتصادی آن­ها با ­روش مالیات بر کربن تعیین گردید. داده ­ها با استفاده از نرم­ افزار SAS به ­صورت آزمایش فاکتوریل در قالب طرح آماری بلوک­ های کامل تصادفی، تجزیه و تحلیل شده و میانگین­ ها با آزمون دانکن در سطح 5 درصد مقایسه شدند.
یافته ­ها: نتایج نشان داد اثر پخش ­سیلاب بر درصد کربن­ آلی و میزان ذخیره ­ی کربن­ آلی در خاک در سطح یک درصد معنی­ دار شده، بر درصد نیتروژن­ کل معنی ­دار نگردیده ولی اثر آن بر میزان ذخیره­ ی نیتروژن در سطح پنج درصد معنی­ دار شده است. تأثیر کاربری (نوع پوشش ­گیاهی) بر همه این شاخص­ ها در سطح یک درصد معنی­ دار گردیده است. اثر متقابل پخش ­سیلاب و کاربری بر درصد کربن ­آلی و میزان ذخیره­ ی نیتروژن خاک در سطح یک درصد معنی­ دار شده ولی تأثیر آن بر میزان ذخیره­ ی کربن و درصد نیتروژن­ کل معنی ­دار نشده است. میزان ذخیره­ ی کربن ­آلی در خاک کاربری­ های آکاسیا، اوکالیپتوس، آتریپلکس و مرتع، به ­ترتیب از 10/23، 22/49، 12/03 و 6/21 مگاگرم در هکتار در شرایط بدون پخش ­سیلاب، به­ ترتیب به 23/14، 40/23، 24/12 و 13/96 مگاگرم در هکتار در شرایط پخش ­سیلاب افزایش یافت. پخش ­سیلاب بر این عرصه ­ها، ارزش اقتصادی ذخیره­ ی کربن و نیتروژن را به ­ترتیب به­ میزان 53/59، 48/00، 75/46 و 43/52 درصد افزایش داد.
نتیجه ­گیری: به­ طور میانگین، پخش­ سیلاب باعث افزایش 54/31 درصدی ارزش اقتصادی مجموع ذخیره ­ی کربن و نیتروژن در خاک گردید.
 
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نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: حفاظت آب و خاک
دریافت: 1399/11/12 | ویرایش نهایی: 1400/12/3 | پذیرش: 1400/1/18 | انتشار: 1400/6/10

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