دوره 8، شماره 15 - ( بهار و تابستان 1396 )                   جلد 8 شماره 15 صفحات 45-60 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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Simulation of Discharge and Nitrate in Tallar Basin using SWAT Model. jwmr. 2017; 8 (15) :45-60
URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-841-fa.html
محمدی مازیار، کاویان عطااله، غلامی لیلا. شبیه‌سازی دبی و نیترات آب در حوزه آبخیز تالار با استفاده از مدل SWAT. پ‍‍ژوهشنامه مديريت حوزه آبخيز. 1396; 8 (15) :45-60

URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-841-fa.html

چکیده:   (2162 مشاهده)
به­منظور کنترل و کاهش آلودگی در آب­های سطحی در مقیاس حوزه­های آبخیز به برنامه­ها و اقدامات زیست-محیطی در جهت کاهش این آلاینده­ها نیاز می­باشد و هم­چنین برای اطمینان از مقرون به صرفه بودن این اقدامات در مرحله اول نیاز است تا مناطق بحرانی تولید کننده رواناب­های آلوده شناسایی شوند. مدل­های هیدرولوژیکی فرآیند مبنا ابزاری مناسب در شبیه­سازی فرآیندهای حوزه آبخیز می­باشند. در این مطالعه برای شبیه­سازی دبی و نیترات در حوزه رودخانه تالار از مدل نیمه­فیزیکی SWAT استفاده شده است. نتایج حاصل از مدل­سازی با استفاده از نرم­افزار SWAT-CUP آنالیز حساسیت واسنجی و صحت سنجی شد و سپس توسط شاخص­های آماری مورد ارزیابی قرار گرفت. برای آنالیز حساسیت دبی و نیترات از 25  و 11 پارامتر استفاده شد که شماره­ی منحنی به­عنوان حساس­ترین پارامتر شناخته شد. ضریب تبیین، واسنجی دبی و نیترات به­ترتیب با مقادیر 68/0 و 75/0 و صحت­سنجی آن­ها نیز به­ترتیب با مقادیر 65/0 و 83/0 محاسبه  شد. ضریب نش ساتکلیف  برای واسنجی دبی و نیترات
به­ترتیب 67/0 و 84/0 و در مرحله صحت­سنجی 62/0 و 63/0 به­دست آمد. در نهایت نیز نقشه دبی و نیترات خروجی از هر زیرحوزه تهیه شد. نتایج حاصل ازاین مطالعه نشان داد که مدل
SWAT قادر به شبیه­سازی کمی و کیفی آب رودخانه تالار
می­باشد، از این­رو می­توان از این مدل به­عنوان ابزاری مناسب در مدیریت و برنامه­ریزی منابع آب در این حوزه آبخیز استفاده کرد.
متن کامل [PDF 1368 kb]   (1174 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تخصصي
دریافت: 1396/6/27 | ویرایش نهایی: 1396/6/27 | پذیرش: 1396/6/27 | انتشار: 1396/6/27

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