Volume 14, Issue 28 (11-2023)                   J Watershed Manage Res 2023, 14(28): 89-100 | Back to browse issues page

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Bakhtiarifar A, Albaji M, Golabi M, Boroomand nasab S, Shahnazari A. (2023). Evaluation of Runoff and Sediment Changes under the Influence of Irrigation Water Reduction using SWAT Model (Study area: Dez River Irrigation and Drainage Network). J Watershed Manage Res. 14(28), 89-100. doi:10.61186/jwmr.14.28.89
URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-1207-en.html
Department of Irrigation and Drainage, Faculty of Water and Environmental Engineering, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz
Abstract:   (1105 Views)
Extended Abstract
Introduction and Objective: In recent years, the use of SWAT model has been used as a common tool for simulating flow rate, sediment production and evaluating different scenarios to reduce sediment production and runoff. The current research also aims to evaluate the changes in runoff and sediment under the influence of irrigation water reduction, using the SWAT model in the irrigation and drainage network of Dez River.
Material and Methods: Recalibration and validation of the model for simulating runoff (Shoshtar, Arab Asad, Shavor Bridge, Harmeleh and Bamdej stations) and sedimentation (Shoshtar, Shavor Bridge, Harmaleh and Bamdezh stations) using statistical data from 1995 to 2012 and 2013 It was done until 2017. The simulation results were also evaluated using R2 and NSE coefficients. Then the scenarios of 10, 20 and 30% reduction of irrigation water were introduced to the model to evaluate their effect on runoff and sedimentation of the study area.
Results: The results of model evaluation using R2 and NSE coefficients indicate the appropriate performance of the model in simulating the mentioned parameters. The results of the evaluation of scenarios of 10, 20 and 30 percent reduction of irrigation water show that applying the 10 percent scenario had the least impact on the amount of sedimentation. On the other hand, applying the scenario of 30% reduction of irrigation water will increase the runoff (30-60%) due to the reduction of the collection of runoffs for irrigation purposes and consequently the increase of the amount of sediment (20-50%) in the irrigation and drainage network of Dez River. The obtained results indicate that the increase in the amount of runoff in the basin, especially in the rainy season, has caused an increase in erosion and consequently an increase in sediment in the basin. Therefore, it can be stated that the time of applying the scenario and the characteristics of the soil in the area are the most effective components on the amount of runoff and sediment in the basin.
Conclusion: According to the results obtained, according to the effect of runoff on erosion and the amount of sediment in a watershed, it is necessary to use methods to control and reduce runoff, such as watershed operations, structures to contain and store runoff, and use modern irrigation methods to prevent soil erosion. Because traditional irrigation methods, in addition to water losses, cause a decrease in soil fertility and an increase in sediment in the drains of agricultural lands. In lands that are irrigated by traditional methods, sometimes the amount of water used is more than the infiltration capacity of the soil. This causes erosion of the surface layer of the soil by the runoff from water accumulation. Therefore, agricultural management approaches in basins prone to soil erosion should be focused on modern irrigation methods with minimum runoff and drainage output.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/09/1 | Revised: 2024/01/8 | Accepted: 2022/12/20 | Published: 2024/01/8

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