Volume 14, Issue 28 (11-2023)                   J Watershed Manage Res 2023, 14(28): 101-109 | Back to browse issues page

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Nazariani N, Fallah A, Shabani M. (2023). Investigating and Prioritizing the Barriers to Participation to Native Communities in the Watershed Projects (Basin Tajan River Hyrcanian Forests). J Watershed Manage Res. 14(28), 101-109. doi:10.61186/jwmr.14.28.101
URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-1239-en.html
Forestry, Faculty of Natural Resources, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University
Abstract:   (864 Views)
Extended Abstract
Introduction and Objective: Maintaining and improving environmental security and quality of life is still the main challenge of the current period. Conservation of natural resources, especially in rural communities, requires effective communication between resource managers and indigenous communities. However, environmental conflict hinders the effectiveness of communication strategies. Therefore, in order to remove the obstacles to the participation of indigenous and local communities, it is possible to identify and prioritize the factors that lead to their poor cooperation in watershed management projects. In this regard, the purpose of the upcoming research is to examine and prioritize the obstacles to the participation of local communities in the watershed management projects of the Tajan river basin of Hyrcanian forests.
Material and Methods: The research area is located in the area of Tajan river forests in the north of the country with an area of 30685 hectares in Mazandaran province. Identifying the effective factors on the barriers to people's participation in the watershed projects of the Tajan river area of the northern forests of the country was done based on library studies, asking experts, referring to the area, and face-to-face interviews with the residents of local communities. In the upcoming research, barriers to participation were categorized as 8 indicators. The tool for measuring and collecting data was a questionnaire. The group of experts confirmed the validity of the questionnaires. In order to check reliability, Cronbach's alpha coefficient was used. In order to know the views of local communities about the importance of these factors, among the 425 household heads in the basin, 202 samples were selected according to Cochran's formula and questionnaires were completed. Also, to know the opinion of experts, questionnaires were completed by 23 experts. Alfie Cronbach's test checked the reliability of the questionnaires. In the following, the indicators affecting the weak participation of local communities in watershed projects were simultaneously ranked and prioritized using the OPA method.
Results: The results showed that in prioritizing the criteria from the point of view of the researched communities using the Dimatel model, the educational criterion was chosen as the most effective criterion. Also, the results of the average rating of the indicators showed that the index "Interest in participating in forest projects" has the highest average rating of 4.72 among the indicators examined in the upcoming research. In addition, the results of weighting using the OPA model showed that the index "Participation in planting and fencing of Qargh areas" has the highest rank and the most weight among the indicators affecting the barriers to sustainable participation of local communities with a rank of 1 and a weight of 0.28.
Conclusion: The findings of the research show that, based on the opinion of those involved, if the education tools are properly provided to these communities, they are ready to participate and participate in the implementation of the plans.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: مديريت حوزه های آبخيز
Received: 2023/04/27 | Revised: 2024/01/8 | Accepted: 2023/09/9 | Published: 2024/01/8

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