دوره 10، شماره 19 - ( بهار و تابستان 1398 )                   جلد 10 شماره 19 صفحات 222-232 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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Taleshian Jeloudar F, Ghajar Sepanlou M, Emadi S M. "Technical Report" The Effects of Land use Change on Some Physical and Chemical Properties of Soil (Case Study: Babolrood watershed). jwmr. 2019; 10 (19) :222-232
URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-786-fa.html
طالشیان جلودار فاطره، قاجار سپانلو مهدی، عمادی سید مصطفی. "گزارش فنی" اثر تغییر کاربری اراضی بر برخی خصوصیات فیزیکی و شیمیایی خاک (مطالعه موردی: حوزه آبخیز بابلرود). پ‍‍ژوهشنامه مديريت حوزه آبخيز. 1398; 10 (19) :222-232

URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-786-fa.html

دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری
چکیده:   (642 مشاهده)

     از آنجایی که تغییر کاربری اراضی از مسائل مهم و شایع در ایران بخصوص در نواحی شمالی کشور است، دراین پژوهش اثرتغییرکاربری مرتع به زمین­ زراعی و باغ بر برخی خصوصیات فیزیکی و شیمیایی خاک دربخشی از حوزه آبخیز بابلرود واقع در جنوب شهرستان بابل، بخش بندپی شرقی استان مازندران مطالعه شد. بدین­ منظور از هر کاربری از 2 عمق 20-0 و 40-20 سانتی­متری در4 تکرار نمونه ­برداری شد و تجزیه و تحلیل آماری به­صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک­های کامل تصادفی صورت پذیرفت. نتایج نشان داد درصد میزان شن در کاربری باغ بیشترین مقدار بود. بیشترین مقدار سیلت و رس، به­ترتیب در کاربری­های مرتع و زراعی مشاهده شد. تغییر کاربری از مرتع به زراعی، موجب افزایش معنی­دار جرم مخصوص ظاهری شد و میزان جرم مخصوص ظاهری در لایه زیرین بیشتر از لایه سطحی است و بالاترین درصد تخلخل با مقدار 87/54 درصد در باغ مشاهده شد. بیشترین مقدار پایداری خاکدانه ­ها (MWD)، در کاربری مرتع و باغ بود. بالاترین میزان ظرفیت نگهداشت آب به مقدار 62/64 درصد در عمق 40-20 سانتی­متری مشاهده شد. هدایت هیدرولیکی اشباع خاک (KS) در کاربری باغ بیشترین مقدار بود. تغییر کاربری موجب تغییر در واکنش خاک (pH) شد به­طوری که بیشترین مقدار pH، به میزان 54/7 در کاربری زراعی نسبت به سایر کاربری­ها مشاهده شد. همچنین بیشترین میزان هدایت الکتریکی (EC) مربوط به کاربری باغ بوده است. بیشترین کربن آلی (OC) به میزان 47/2 درصد در لایه سطحی کاربری باغ و کمترین آن به میزان 26/0 درصد در لایه زیرسطحی کاربری زراعی مشاهده شد. در مجموع نتایج این پژوهش با توجه به مقایسه برخی شاخص ­های کیفیتی خاک، حاکی از آن بود که اگر تغییر کاربری اراضی به ­صورت کاربری زراعی باشد به­ دلیل شدت عملیات کشاورزی تأثیر منفی معنی­ داری بر خصوصیات خاک می­ گذارد.

متن کامل [PDF 2086 kb]   (119 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: تغيير کاربری اراضی
دریافت: 1395/12/2 | ویرایش نهایی: 1398/10/8 | پذیرش: 1396/3/16 | انتشار: 1398/5/12

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