Volume 9, Issue 18 (1-2019)                   jwmr 2019, 9(18): 284-293 | Back to browse issues page

XML Persian Abstract Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Darzi- Naftchali A, Asgari A, Karandish F. Assessing Spatial and Temporal Variations of Coastal Groundwater Quality with Regard to Different uses. jwmr. 2019; 9 (18) :284-293
URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-589-en.html
Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University
Abstract:   (903 Views)

"Technical Report"


The quality of coastal water resources at the downstream of watersheds is decreasing mainly due to different anthropogenic activities. In this research, temporal variations of groundwater quality were investigated in a 25000 ha coastal area in Mazandaran province. Groundwater samples were taken from 37 observation wells in the region before (winter 2009), during (spring 2010) and after (Summer 2010) a rice growing season. The samples were analyzed to determine electrical conductivity, acidity and the concentration of calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium, bicarbonate, chloride and sulphate. Groundwater quality was assessed for agriculture, industry and drinking uses based on various criteria and standards. The average electrical conductivity of groundwater in winter, spring and summer was 5806, 3524 and 8656 μs cm-1, respectively, indicating increase in salinization risk of groundwater at the end of rice growing season. From alkalinity viewpoint, approximately 60% of the groundwater samples were in C4-S1, C4-S2, C4-S3 and C4-S4. Chloride concentration in groundwater was more than its permitted limit for industrial use. The groundwater quality of the 2010 summer season was the worst from drinking viewpoint compared with the samples collected in the 2009 winter and 2010 spring. Results showed that rice cultivation had considerable effect on groundwater quality of the study coastal area. Therefore, the proper management of water and nutrient during rice growing season can be effective to protect groundwater quality in the study area.

Full-Text [PDF 924 kb]   (235 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: حفاظت آب و خاک
Received: 2016/02/15 | Revised: 2019/01/21 | Accepted: 2016/12/12 | Published: 2019/01/21

References
1. Abbasi, F., H.A. Kashkoli and N. Hosseni Zare. 2014. Evaluation of groundwater quality for Shosh valley from domestic aspect. 2nd national conference on water crisis (Climate Change, Water and Environment), Shahrekord University. Shahrekord, Iran, 9 pp (In Persian).
2. Anonymous. 2005. Manual of Hydrochemistry model. Water Resources Management Company, Department of baseline studies and watershed management, Office of Basic Studies, (In Persian).
3. Anonymous. 2008. Manual of quality classification of raw water, wastewater and return flow for industrial and recreational uses. Vice Presidency for Strategic Planning and Supervision, (In Persian)
4. Chaudhuri, S. and S. Ale. 2014. Long term (1960-2010) trends in groundwater contamination and salinization in the Ogallala aquifer in Texas. Journal of Hydrology, 513: 376-390. [DOI:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2014.03.033]
5. Chen, K.P. and J.J. Jiao. 2007. Seawater intrusion and aquifer freshening near reclaimed coastal area of Shenzhen. Water Science & Technology: Water Supply Vol, 2: 137-145. [DOI:10.2166/ws.2007.048]
6. Dahan, O., A. Babad, N. Lazarovitch, E.E. Russak and D. Kurtzman. 2014. Nitrate leaching from intensive organic farms to groundwater. Hydrol Earth Syst Sci., 18: 333-341. [DOI:10.5194/hess-18-333-2014]
7. Darzi-Naftchali, A., A. Asgari and F. Karandish. 2014. Influence of agricultural activities on salinization of shallow aquifers in Mazandaran province. 2nd national conference on agricultural water management, Soil and Water Research Institute. Karaj, Iran, 86-91 (In Persian).
8. Delfardi, S. and S. Sanjari. 2014. Study of physical and chemical characteristics of irrigation water of southern Roodbar plain (marginal agricultural lands of Jazmurian). 2nd national conference on agricultural water management, Soil and Water Research Institute. Karaj, Iran, 71-76 (In Persian).
9. Fadel, E., M. Tomaszkiewicz and M. Abou Najm. 2013. Sustainable coastal aquifer management in urban areas: The role of groundwater quality indices. 4th Global forum on urban resilience and adaptation. Bonn, Germany, 19.
10. Forrest, F., R. Joan, S. Reedyk and J. Wuite. 2006. Asurvey of nutrient and major ions in shallow groundwater of Alberta's agricultural areas. Albeta Agriculture, Food and Rural Development, Landwise, Agriculture and Agri-food Canada, 116 pp.
11. Ganeshkumar, B. and C. Jaideep. 2011. Groundwater quality assessment using Water Quality Index (WQI) approach-Case study in a coastal region of Tamil Nadu, India. International Journal of Environmental Sciences and Research, 2: 50-55.
12. Gharibreza, M.R. and F. Vafaei. 2000. Coastal land erosion and its prevention and control strategies. 2nd erosion and sediment national conference. Lorestan, Iran, 2 pp (In Persian).
13. Karandish, F., A. Darzi-Naftchali and A. Asgari. 2016. Application of machine-learning models for diagnosing healthhazard of nitrate toxicity in shallow aquifers. Paddy Water Environment, DOI 10.1007/s10333-016-0542-2. [DOI:10.1007/s10333-016-0542-2]
14. Manikandan, K., K.P. Kannan and M. Sankar. 2012. Evaluation and Management of Groundwater in Coastal Regions. Earth Science India, 5: 1-11.
15. Mehrabani, Sh., B. Mehrabani, B. Rafei and B. Yaghobi-Kikleh. 2011. Assessing groundwater quality of Marvil watershed. 2nd Conference on Earth Sciences, Islamic Azad University of Ashtian, Iran, 9 pp (In Persian).
16. Melo, A., E. Pinto, A. Aguiar, C. Mansilha, O. Pinho and I. Ferreira. 2012. Impact of intensive horticulture practices on groundwater content of nitrates, sodium, potassium and pesticides. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 184: 4539-4551. [DOI:10.1007/s10661-011-2283-4]
17. Roshun, S.H. and M. Habibnejad Roshan. 2018. Monitoring of temporal and spatial variation of groundwater drought using GRI and SWI indices (Case study: Sari-Neka plain), Journal of Watershed Management Research, 9(17): 269-279 (In Persian).
18. SAS Institute Inc. 2002. The SAS System for Windows, Release 9.0. Statistical Analysis Systems Institute, Cary, NC, USA.
19. Schernewski, G., N. Löser and A. Sekścińska. 2005. Integrated Coastal area and river basin management (ICARM): The Oder/Odra case study. Integrated coastal zone management at the Szczecin Lagoon: Exchange of experiences in the region, Coastline Reports, 6: 43-54.
20. Seyedan, S.M., M.R. Kohansal and M. Ghorbani. 2017. Achieving optimal path of extracting groundwater resources considering the side effects in Hamadan-Bahar plain. Journal of Watershed Management Research, 8(15): 191-201 (In Persian).
21. Seyedan, S.M. and A.G. Firozabadi. 2018. Pricing of groundwater resources of Hamadan-Bahar plain using spatial econometric approach. Journal of Watershed Management Research, 9(17): 258-268 (In Persian).
22. Sun, B., S. Zhou and Q. Zhao. 2003. Evaluation of spatial and temporal changes of soil quality based on geostatistical analysis in the hill region of subtropical China. Geoderma, 115: 85-99. [DOI:10.1016/S0016-7061(03)00078-8]
23. Wilding, L.P. and L.R. Dress. 1983. Spatial variability and pedology. In: Wilding, L.P., Smeckand, N.E., Hall, G.F., (Eds.). Pedogenesis and soil taxonomy. I. concepts and interactions. Elsevier Science Pub, 83-116. [DOI:10.1016/S0166-2481(08)70599-3]
24. Yost, R.S., G. Uehara and R.L. Fox. 1982. Geostatistical analysis of soil chemical properties of large land areas: I. Semivariograms. Soil Sci. Soc., 46: 1028-1032. [DOI:10.2136/sssaj1982.03615995004600050028x]
25. Zektser, S. and L.G. Everett. 2004. Ground water resources of the world and their use. IHP-VI, SERIES ON GROUNDWATER NO. 6. Published in by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 342.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA

Send email to the article author


© 2020 All Rights Reserved | Journal of Watershed Management Research

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb