Volume 12, Issue 24 (9-2021)                   J Watershed Manage Res 2021, 12(24): 13-27 | Back to browse issues page

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Tavakoli M, Fathizad H, Hamidian M. (2021). Preparing Strategic Plan for Integrated Watershed Management using SWOT and QSPM (Case study: Meymeh watershed, Ilam province). J Watershed Manage Res. 12(24), 13-27. doi:10.52547/jwmr.12.24.13
URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-1094-en.html
Ilam University, Faculty of Agricultur
Abstract:   (2676 Views)
Extended Abstract
Introduction and Objective: Strategic management process including setting objectives, Identifying strengths and weaknesses (internal factors), identifying opportunities and threats (external factors), setting long-term goals and determining various strategies, calculating and evaluating performance. The aim of current study is to evaluate the efficiency of SWOT model in preparing strategic plan for integrated watershed management in Meymeh watershed, Ilam.
Materilal and Methods: The current research has been done in three subwatersheds of Meymeh watershed. This watershed has been selected as pilot watershed study of Ilam province in line with the National Megaproject on Integrated Watershed Management which has 20584 ha area and located in Dehloran county, Ilam province. Data collection was done in different kinds of library and field information and after discussion to scientists and experts, weakness, strength, opportunities and threat of the catchment are identified. In this research, 22 strength and opportunities as advantages and 25 weakness and threats as limitations in the studied watershed are specified. All of this characteristics are used for data analysis and preparing strategies using SWOT model. For this analysis, 30 questionnaire are filled by academic, non-academic and local experts, then for weighting and scoring of factors, AHP method is applied for factor classification. Finally, Using SWOT strategic plan for integrated watershed management is suggested and for strategies priorities, QSPM planning matrix has been used.
Results: Results show that between different strengths, "permanent rivers" with 0.364 score as the most important strength and "no applied agriculture and natural resources planting pattern" with 0.312 score as the most important weakness of the catchment have been identified. Also, between opportunities, "involve the local communities in natural resource projects" with 0.351 score as the most important opportunity and "The negative consequences of climate change due to the definite impact of the province's natural resources" with 0.507 score as the most important threat of the studied catchment have been recognized.
Conclusion: Investigations of IFE, EFE and weights of strategies indicated that in future planning, opportunities in the catchment should be taken in account.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: مديريت حوزه های آبخيز
Received: 2020/06/7 | Revised: 2022/02/23 | Accepted: 2021/01/5 | Published: 2021/09/1

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