دوره 11، شماره 22 - ( پاییز و زمستان 1399 )                   جلد 11 شماره 22 صفحات 95-76 | برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها

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salarian M, davary K, alizadeh A, lagzian M, Fazeli M. CCollaborative Framework for Decision Making Process of the Water Management (Case Study: Kashafrood Basin). jwmr. 2020; 11 (22) :76-95
URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-999-fa.html
سالاریان محمد، داوری کامران، علیزاده امین، لگزیان محمد، فاضلی محمد. چارچوب مشارکت کنشگران در فرآیند تصمیم‌سازی مدیریت آب (مطالعه موردی: حوزه آبریز کشف رود). پ‍‍ژوهشنامه مديريت حوزه آبخيز. 1399; 11 (22) :95-76

URL: http://jwmr.sanru.ac.ir/article-1-999-fa.html

گروه علوم و مهندسی آب، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد
چکیده:   (1152 مشاهده)
سیستم‌های پیچیده اجتماعی- بومی مانند آنچه در مدیریت آب یک حوزه آبریز اتفاق می‌افتد، معمولاً پویا، چندهدفه یا چندبعدی بوده و نیازمند مشارکت جدی کنشگران متعدد است و تصمیم‌گیری در چنین سیستم‌هایی همواره با مشکلاتی جدی روبه‌رو است. حوزه آبریز کشف­ رود در استان خراسان رضوی به دلیل رشد شدید جمعیت، توسعه اقتصادی بالا، کمیابی آب و تخصیص غیر یکپارچه منابع آب دارای بحرانی­ترین آبخوان­های کشور است. در این راستا بهترین راه مدیریت آب، ایجاد تعامل سازنده میان کنشگران درگیر در این حوزه است. بدین منظور پژوهش حاضر با رویکردی مشارکتی به ارائه چارچوبی جهت شناسایی، تحلیل و مشارکت کنشگران کلیدی در فرآیند تصمیم‌سازی این حوزه آبریز پرداخته است. این چارچوب مشارکتی دارای دو بخش است. بخش اول تحلیل و پیمایش بیش از 60 کنشگر به کمک روش گلوله برفی و ماتریس قدرت- علاقه و بخش دوم مشارکت و درگیر نمودن کنشگران کلیدی با استفاده از مدل‌های دایره تاثیر (CI) و IAP2 انجام شد. نتایج این پژوهش منجر به تدوین یک چشم‌انداز مشترک در افق ۱۴۲۰ شده است که در آن حوزه آبریز کشف رود دارای تعادل پایا در منابع و مصارف آب خواهد بود. ذیل این چشم‌انداز، 19 راهبرد، 63 سیاست کلان و 232 سیاست خرد (اجرایی) تدوین‌یافته است که 41 درصد از این سیاست‌ها ماهیت اجتماعی داشته‌اند. ارزیابی پرسشنامه‌ای، اجرایی و موثر بودن سیاست­ها نشان داده است که اکثریت کنشگران کلیدی این حوزه با اجماع بالا بر اجرایی شدن و اثرگذاری آن سیاست‌ها در جهت دستیابی به چشم انداز مشترک اجماع داشته‌اند. با توجه به نتایج این پژوهش، چارچوب منسجم ارائه شده می‌تواند به عنوان مبنایی برای شناسایی، اولویت‌بندی، تحلیل و مشارکت کنشگران در جهت افزایش سطح مشارکت ایشان در فرآیند تصمیم سازی مدیریت آب حوزه­ های آبریز کشور ارائه شود.
واژه‌های کلیدی: تصمیم سازی، کشف رود، کنشگران، مشارکت، IAP2
متن کامل [PDF 2389 kb]   (360 دریافت)    
نوع مطالعه: پژوهشي | موضوع مقاله: مديريت حوزه های آبخيز
دریافت: 1397/12/11 | ویرایش نهایی: 1400/2/28 | پذیرش: 1398/3/29 | انتشار: 1399/12/13

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